Chandrayaan-3 is the third lunar mission of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). It is a follow-on mission to Chandrayaan-2, which was launched in 2019. Chandrayaan-3 is scheduled to launch on July 14, 2023, and it will attempt to soft-land a lander and rover on the Moon’s south pole.
The lander is named Vikram, after Vikram Sarabhai, the father of the Indian space program. The rover is named Pragyan, which means “wisdom” in Sanskrit. The lander and rover will be carried into space by a GSLV Mark III rocket
The main scientific objectives of Chandrayaan-3 are to
- Investigate the lunar south pole, which is a region that has not been explored by previous missions.
- Study the lunar surface and subsurface, including the distribution of water ice.
- Characterize the lunar environment, including the radiation environment.
Chandrayaan-3 is a significant mission for India, as it will demonstrate the country’s ability to soft-land a lander and rover on the Moon. The mission is also expected to make significant contributions to our understanding of the Moon
The Significance of the Lunar South Pole
The lunar south pole is a region that has not been explored by previous missions. This is because the south pole is in a permanently shadowed region, which makes it difficult to land spacecraft there. However, the lunar south pole is also a region where water ice is thought to be abundant.
Water ice is important because it could be a resource for future human exploration of the Moon. Water could be used for drinking, for growing food, and for generating electricity.
The lander and rover on Chandrayaan-3 will carry a number of scientific instruments. These instruments will be used to study the lunar surface and subsurface, the lunar environment, and the distribution of water ice.
Some of the scientific instruments on Chandrayaan-3 include:
- Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer (APXS): This instrument will be used to analyze the elemental composition of the lunar surface.
- Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS): This instrument will be used to analyze the elemental composition of the lunar surface in more detail.
- Spectro-polarimetry of Habitable Planet Earth (SHAPE): This instrument will be used to study the spectral and polarimetric properties of Earth from the lunar orbit.
The Future of Chandrayaan-3
The success of Chandrayaan-3 would be a major milestone for India’s space program. It would demonstrate the country’s ability to soft-land a lander and rover on the Moon, and it would pave the way for future lunar exploration missions.
ISRO has plans to launch a number of follow-on missions to Chandrayaan-3. These missions would build on the scientific discoveries of Chandrayaan-3 and would further our understanding of the Moon.
Chandrayaan 3 landing Date On Moon
Chandrayaan 3 landing Date On the Moon is planned for 23 August 2023 and the time is 6.04 PM, even you can watch Chandrayaan 3 landing live on the moon
Chandrayaan-3 is a significant mission for India and for the world. It has the potential to make major contributions to our understanding of the Moon, and it could pave the way for future human exploration of the Moon.